Sustainable City Futures (Phillip DAFFARA 2004)
Book chapter within The CLA Reader.
Based on a world centric view, the sustainable development of our cities needs to be implemented with new thinking, facilitating the human progression of its citizens through the Spiral of Development and its evolutionary frames of reference - requiring intervention at all levels of the city. Currently sustainable development is practiced within a milieu of competing systemic frames of reference, and this struggle is consuming our focus rather the achieving tangible outcomes. Causal Layered Analysis (CLA) is useful here, in that it is able to probe through these frames of reference (or systemic levels of reality) seeking causal linkages and contradictions.