The STT Netherlands Study Centre for Technology Trends (STT) explores futures at the crossroads of technology and society. In 2007, STT decided to initiate a foresight on ‘Technology in Developing Countries’. Since the founding of STT in 1968, this was going to be the first project with an explicit focus on development. The underlying question was how new technology would affect the poorest societies rather than the richest, those with least access to technology rather than those surrounded by the latest inventions. The most important reason for focusing the project on Africa was the perception that Africa might be close to a tipping point in its development and growth, with technology as an important factor. Since then, the evidence has strengthened that this is indeed the case. And this forms the backbone of this book.